About the place
The Portuguese consider Guimarães as the birthplace of Portugal, since it was here that the first king of Portugal, D. Afonso Henriques was born. D. Afonso was baptized in the old Church of São Miguel do Castelo, the small shrine situated before the castle. The battle that founded Portugal as an independent country was fought in the vicinity of Guimarães and was nicknamed Batalha de São Mamede in 1146. After this victory, Guimarães became the temporary capital of Portugal.
A large number of important historical monuments were recognized by UNESCO, which declared the city a World Cultural Heritage Site in 2001. Guimarães is more than just a historical relic; There is excitement and purpose about the city, due in part to the vast student population attending the university.
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